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Safe & Unsafe Additives

Below is a list of additives commonly found in food:

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPARENTLY SAFE

AVOID IF POSSIBLE

Colours

100 – 182

100, 101, 103, 106, 140, 141, 160 160a, 161, 161a-f, 161h, 162, 163, 170, 181

102,104, 105, 107. 110 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 142, 143, 150a-c, 151, 152 153, 154, 155, 160b, 160c-f, 161g, 173, 174, 175, 180, 181, 182

Preservatives

200 – 297

234, 260, 262, 263, 290, 297

200, 201, 202, 203, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 242, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 261, 264, 270, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 296

Acidity Regulators, Anti-Oxidants

300 – 385

300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 306, 307, 308, 309, 315, 316, 322, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 336, 337, 339, 340, 341, 343, 350, 351, 352, 353, 357, 365, 366, 367, 375, 381

310, 311, 312, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 325,  326, 327, 328, 329, 335, 338, 342, 349, 354, 355, 359, 363, 368, 370, 380, 385

Vegetable Gums, Thickeners 400 – 495

400, 401, 402, 403, 404, 406, 411, 415, 418, 425, 440, 440a, 440b, 442, 444, 450, 451, 452, 460, 469, 470a, 471, 472a-c, 472f, 473, 475, 476, 479b, 481,

405, 407, 407a, 409, 410, 412, 413, 414, 416, 417, 420, 421, 422, 430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 441, 445, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 470b, 472e, 474, 477, 478, 480, 482, 483, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495

Mineral Salts, Anti-Caking Agents  500 – 586

500, 501, 504, 515, 516, 517, 535, 537, 538, 542, 543, 550, 551, 552, 558, 559, 572, 574, 575, 577, 578, 585,

503, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512. 513, 514, 518, 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 536, 539, 540, 541, 544, 545, 553a, 553b, 554, 555, 556, 560, 570, 576, 579, 580, 586

Flavour Enhancers

 

620, 621, 622, 623, 624, 625, 626, 627, 628, 629, 630, 631, 632, 633, 634, 635, 636, 637, 600 – 641 640, 641

Thickeners, Vegetable Gums, etc.

913, 915, 922, 923, 941, 942, 953, 1100, 1103, 1105, 1518,

900, 900a, 901, 902, 903, 904, 905a-c, 906, 907, 912, 914, 920, 921, 924, 925, 926, 927a, 927b, 928, 930, 940, 943a, 943b, 944, 946, 950, 951, 952, 953, 954, 955, 956, 957, 959, 961, 965, 966, 967, 966, 999, 1101, 1102, 1104, 1200, 1201, 1202,1400, 1401, 1402, 1403, 1404, 1405, 1410, 1411, 1412, 1413, 900 -1521 1414, 1420, 1421, 1422, 1430, 1440, 1441, 1442, 1450, 1451, 1505, 1510, 1516, 1517, 1520, 1521

Flavours

Don't have code numbers

Avoid artificial flavours whenever possible!

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Hidden Dangers

Hidden dangers code breakers

 

Identify food additives that are linked to cancer, asthma and hyperactivity.

 

102 & E102

Tartazine

CAH

104 & E104

Quinoline Yellow

CAH

107 & E107

Yellow 2G

CAH

110 & E110

Sunset yellow FCF

CAH

120 & E120

Carmines and Cochineal

AH

122 & E122

Azurobine, Carmoisine

CAH

123 & E123

Amaranth

CAH

124 & E124

Brilliant Scarlet Panceau 4R

CAH

127 & E127

Erythrosine

CAH

E128

Red 2G

CAH

129 & E129

Allura Red AC

CAH

E 131

Patent Blue

CAH

132 & E132

Indigotine & indigo carmine

CAH

133 & E133

Brilliant Blue FCF

CAH

142 & E142

Food Green S

AH

143

Fast Green

A

 

150 & E150

Caramel

H

151 & E151

Brilliant Black

CAH

E154

Food Brown, Kipper Brown

CAH

155 & E155

Brown HT, Chocolate Brown

CAH

160b & E160b

Annatto Extracts

AH

E173

Aluminium

C

E180

Pigment Rubine

CAH

200 & E200-203

Sorbic Acid & Sorbates

AH

210 & E210

Benzoic Acid

CAH

211 & E211

Sodium Benzoate

AH

212 & E212

Potassium Benzoate

A

213 & E213

Calcium Benzoate

A

E214

Ethyl Para-Hydroxybenzoate

A

E215

Sodium Ethyl Para-Hydroxybenzoate

A

 

216 & E216

PropylParaben Propyl P Hydroxybenzoate

A

E217

Sodium Propyl P Hydroxybenzoate

A

218 & E218

Methyl Paraben Methyl P Hydroxybenzoate

A

E219

Sodium Methyl P Hydroxybenzoate

A

220 & E220

Sodium dioxide

AH

221 & E221

Sodium sulphate

A

222

Sodium bisulphate

A

223 & E223

Sodium Metabisulphite

A

224 & E224

Potassium Metabisulphite

A

225 & E225

Potassium Sulphite

A

E226

Calcium Sulphite

A

E227

Calcium hydrogen sulphite

A

E228

Potassium Hydrogen Sulphite

AH

E230

Biphenyl

C

E231

OrthoPhenyl Phenol

C

E226

Formic Acid

C

E239

Hexamethylene tetramine

C

249 & E249

Potassium Nitrate

CA

250 & E 250

Sodium Nitrite

C

251 & E251

Sodium Nitrite

CAH

252 & E252

Potassium Nitrite

CH

260 & E260

Acetic Acid

A

280-283

Propionic Acid & Propionates

AH

310 & E310

Propyl Gallate

CA

311 & E311

Octyl Gallate

A

312 & E312

Dodecyl Gallate

A

319 & E319

Teri Butylhydroquinone

AH

320 & E320

Butylated Hydroxyanisole

CAH

320 & E321

Butylated Hydroxytoluene

CAH

407 & E407

Carrageenan

CA

413 & E413

Tragacanth

A

414 & E414

Acacia gum

A

415

Karaya gum

A

421 & E421

Mannitol

H

430

Polyxythelene Stearate

C

431

Polyxyl 40 Stearate

C

E432

Polyxythelene 20 sorbiutan monostearate

C

433

Polysorbate 80

C

435

Polysorbate 60

C

436

Polysorbate 65

C

441 & E441

Gelatin

A

466

Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose

C

507 & E507

Hydrochloric Acid

C

518 & E518

Magnesium Sulphate

C

536 & E536

Potassium ferrocyanide

A

620- 625

Glutamates

C

627 & E627

Disodium Gianylates

AH

631 & E631

Disodium 5 inosinate

AH

635 & E635

Disodium 5 ribonucleotide

A

903 & E903

Carnuaba Wax

A

905

Parafins

C

905(a)

Mineral oils

C

905(b)

Petrolatum

C

924 & E924

Potassium Biomate

C

925 & E925

Chlorine

C

926

Chlorine dioxide

C

928 & E928

Benzoyl peroxide

A

950 & E950

Acesulphane potassium

C

951

Aspartame

AH

952 & E952

Cyclamate and cyclamic acid

C

954 & E954

Saccharines

C

1202 & E1202

Polyvinylpyroiidone

C

1403

Bleached starch

A

E1520

Propylene glycol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C- Linked to Cancer

A- Linked to Asthma

H- Linked to Hyperactivity

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What to Look out for if you are avoiding Artificial Colours & Preservatives

Reading an ingredient list on food packaging can be very confusing with all the numbers being used instead of the names of ingredients.  This gets especially complicated when you are trying to avoid certain ingredients like Artificial Colours & Preservatives.

This table breaks down what number equals what colour and preservative.

 

Colours

Preservatives

102

Tartrazine

FD&C Yellow No.5

Sorbates

Nitrates, Nitrites

107

Yellow 2G

200

Sorbic Acid

249

Potassium nitrite

110

Sunset Yellow FCF FD&C Yellow #6

201

Sodium Sorbate

250

Sodium nitrite

122

Azorubine or Carmoisine (red)

202

Potassium Sorbate

251

Sodium nitrate

123

Amaranth (FD&C Red#2)

203

Calcium Sorbate

252

Potassium nitrate

124

Ponceau 4R

Benzoates

Propionates

127

Erythosine (FD&C Red #3)

210

Benzoic Acid

280

Propionic acid

128

Red 2G

211

Sodium Benzoate

281

Sodium propionate

129

Allura Red AC (FD&C Red #40

212

Potassium Benzoate

282

Calcium propionate

133

Brilliant Blue FCF (Blue #1)

213

Calcium Benzoate

283

Potassium propionate

142

Green S

Sulphites

Antioxidants

151

Brilliant Black BN or PN

220

Sulphur dioxide*

310

Propyl gallate

155

Brown HT

221

Sodium sulphite

311

Octyl gallate

160b

(Natural) Annatto Extracts

222

Sodium bisulphite

312

Dodecyl gallate

 

 

223

Sodium metabisulphite

315

Erythorbic acid

Flavour Enhancer

224

Potassium metabisulphite

 

Sodium erythorbate

621

Monosodium L-Glutimate

225

Potassium sulphite

319

Tert-Butylydro-quinone

 

 

228

Potassium bisulphite

320

Butylated hydroxyanisole

 

 

 

 

321

Butylated hydroxytoluene

What Are the Top 10 Preservatives to Avoid?

Preservatives are added to many food products to inhibit the growth of mould, bacteria, and yeasts. While preservatives are, at times, necessary to assure the safety and quality of food that must travel to the grocery store and have some amount of shelf life, there are some types of preservatives that can have a serious negative effect on your health. 

The following 10 preservatives should be avoided whenever possible.

  • Sodium nitrate 251 can transform within the body into a cancer-causing compound. Food products that commonly contain this preservative include bacon, lunch meats, hot dogs, corned beef, and ham.
  • Sulfites 220-228 are preservatives added to many types of food, including wine, beer, shrimp, and dried fruits. Sulfites may cause decreased lung function and may exacerbate the symptoms of asthma.
  • Ammonium sulfate is a preservative that is commonly used in bread, food for the yeast. It helps the dough rise faster. It is also used in some garden fertilizers and cleaning products. It has been linked with gastrointestinal problems that produce symptoms such as nausea and diarrhea.
  • BHA and BHT (butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene) are added to products such as chewing gum, vegetable oils, potato chips, and cereal. These preservatives are known to cause cancer.
  • Sodium benzoate is used as a preservative in foods and beverages such as vinegar, soft drinks, juices, margarine, and fast food hamburgers. It is known as a carcinogen that can cause hyperactivity in children and damage to the body’s genetic materials.
  • Propyl gallate is used to preserve oils and fats. It can also be found in microwaveable popcorn, meat products, chewing gum, mayonnaise, soup mixes, and frozen meals. Studies show that it has cancer-inducing properties, and may cause skin and stomach irritability.
  • Olestra is a synthetic fat that is commonly found in potato chips. This preservative blocks the absorption of important vitamins, and can also cause severe diarrhea and cramps.
  • Azodicarbonamide is used as a dough conditioner. It is also used to produce industrial foam plastic. The World Health Organization stated that there are strong ties between the onset of asthma and azodicarbonamide.
  • Carrageenan is found in Creamsicles, Weight Watchers Giant Chocolate Fudge Ice Cream Bars, and Skinny Cow Ice Cream Sandwiches. It contributes to health problems such as colon disorders, ulcers, and cancer.
  • Saccharin, an artificial sweetener, has been linked to bladder tumors in rats.

To safely avoid harmful preservatives, your best option is to purchase all-natural, organic foods. In addition, familiarize yourself with dangerous preservatives and additives so that you can read ingredient lists with an informed eye. 

 

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Having a Child Start School is a Huge Step

When you have a child with severe food allergies, starting school is probably one of the most stressful experiences you can go through as a parent. You are entrusting your child's safety to other people, who you probably don't know very well. Suddenly your child won't have you around to keep an eye on things. It's really difficult to let go and entrust someone's judgement. There are red flags everywhere you look. Your mind is filled with 'what if's' and you feel nauseous with fear that your child may be put at risk. 

Let me set your mind at ease – The reality is "YES" , something may go wrong. Your child may be put at risk and you won't be there. Your fear is based on a realistic possibility that something may go wrong. It's a normal reaction to being out of control of what your child is exposed to. It's scary and nobody really understands except other parents of children with life threatening allergies. Feel better?

I thought I might as well get that out there, it's easier to deal with the giant in the room when you know what it is. The best way to face your fear is head on. Look fear in the face. The TRUTH is you need to HAVE FAITH. Starting school is another step toward your child growing up and becoming independent. While it is natural to have anxiety and be scared of this step and please don't think I want to downplay your feelings at all, however, I believe that YOU were given this wonderful child with extra needs because YOU ARE EXACTLY THE RIGHT PERSON TO DEAL WITH IT….. AND SO IS YOUR CHILD!!!!!   

 

The reality is – we don't have a choice – and it's NOT FAIR!!!!!  If we did, I would have run away that day my dear boy was diagnosed to severe food allergies to peanutstree nutswheat, dairyeggssoy, rice, corn, oats, chicken, potato, peas, lupin, peaches, fish and shellfish. Running doesn't change anything, burying our head in the sand or ignoring it won't help – the fear will just grow into an unsurmountable monster. And besides, chances are you are a mum – mums don't get the luxury of running away. (everyone would follow us anyway)

So pick yourself up, draw on your inner strength and move on to this next chapter of your child growing up and gaining their own independence. Face the dangers head on and strategize how to overcome and prevent them one by one. Worrying will do nothing but give you ulcers and make you look older than you are. I'm not saying to have a "don't worry, she'll be right" mentality. I'm saying to control what you can and then have faith and believe in others and God, the greater being, the universe ( whatever your beliefs are) that your child will be kept safe.

By the age of school, your child will have a great idea about their health. If you have been educating them all the way, they will have an idea of what they can and can't have. They will know NOT to SHARE FOOD OR DRINK. Don't underestimate your child. They are pretty clever and switched on. How do I know? Because of YOU! Allergy kids have something special about them. Allergy mums and dads have an amazing specialness about them. You were born for this challenge. You are amazing so never underestimate or doubt yourself. You can and you will rise to this challenge. How do I know?? Because I've done it. If I can get through it (with very little practical support from friends or family) – then I know YOU CAN!!!

 

I wish you all the best if you have a child starting school with allergies. It's not an easy time, so please make sure you make the effort and time for some self care. 

 

Submitted by Sonya Beisler

W: www.Allergysave.com.au

B: www.Kidswithmultiplefoodallergies.blogspot.com.au

F: www.Facebook.com/Allergysave

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